Tuesday, May 05, 2009

TechnoPolitical : A Political History of the Internet........

Welcome to TechnoPolitical.
"TECHNOPOLITCAL-dot-blogspot-dot-com" , is the record of the history of Political Activism in the USA and World on the Internet from its earliest days.
With a Political focus on the impact of September 11, 2001 followed thereafter by the Rapid & Ubiquitous Rise of the INTERNET & Digital Technologies into our daily lives.
This site is Academic Examination of the major TechnoPolitical issues of the New Digital Age we now live in.
Here you will find hundreds & hundreds of cyber news and academic bits , all w/ links and citations to the original articles;

w/ 120 footnotes -- and over 100 of these notes have links to their sources on the Internet from 1994 till Today.
Many of the links on this site are now of historical value . If you find some of the older links go to one of those "this page is no longer available" at the News or University site, I have decided NOT to fix them or search for you. I would rather preserve the "internet history" of broken links. All postings here at TechnoPolical have complete "cyber-citations" with dates, original link address, and authors name.
{I am sure Google's News Achrive and/or Lexis Nexis would have a complete archive (-- if you pay Lexis $--) of most every source I use here if you find an inactive link. AND If they don't have them, well then clearly I have done my job well here!}

as a History is meant to be read OLDEST to NEWEST.
Use the blog archive at the top of the right side of the page here. >>>>
OR Start Here, and then keep clicking on the
"Newer Post" link at the end of each posting.

Use the labels to explore individual topics --->>
It is my hope that Political Junkies,
Students & Teachers at all
academic levels,
and all "Netizens"
find this site a
useful (and fun)
Cyber-Launching point into the
TechnoPolitical World We Now Live In.
----- Contact me: rahalperin [at] gmail [dot]com ------

Thursday, March 19, 2009

The "Obama-TechnoPolitical Impact" : When the POTUS has a Blackberry --that won't leave his hands--- we are now in a whole new TechnoPolitical world.

The tools of politics have been greatly  changed by technology during the last decade. How people communicate has changed dramatically as well, with email and cell phones, Blackberrys, iPhones and all else.

But even with the election of Barack Obama as POTUS -- a moderate-center-liberal Democrat -- the power centers of politics in the USA has not really been changed by the Internet. It is still Democrats and Republicans.

Fifty years from now will the discussions in political science classes be: Why has the Digital Age and the Internet failed to produce any great change in Democracy?

Or: Why was it watershed for better Democracy in the United States (and/or other nations)? [36]

There are also those who assert that Democracy will loose out ---and is loosing out--- to the Globalization of the Government and Corporate Techno-Powers.[37] Seeing the distribution of academic and political information, news and views on the Web as dominated by a few mega-corporations[38] some believe the question political-science students will be asked on exams is: “Why and how has the Internet changed democracy for the worst?”

Richard Davis, a Professor of Political Science at Brigham Young University, in his book The Web of Politics rightly points out that “each innovation in mass communications” instead of creating new power centers, has simply reinforced the existing Government and media power structures.[39] Davis highlights how the hope of television as a positive force of democratization was torpedoed by the enactment of the of the Equal Time Provision (ETP) by Congress during the 1950’s.[40] Because the ETP required broadcasters to give “equal access” for free time, but not equal access for paid time, broadcasters limited the amount of free time they allowed to be accessed. With their money Republican and Democratic campaigns could easily buy political advertisements, but smaller third-parties who generally lack substantial funds became all but locked out of television till today.[41] Even high profile third-party candidates such as Pat Buchanan and Ralph Nader could not directly debate with Democrat Al Gore and Republican George Bush during the 2000 presidential election, nor could they get their campaigns the broadcast publicity needed to make a serious run. The ETP instead of adding to the diversity of public discourse has just galvanized the status quo with American television politics becoming dominated by Democrats and Republicans.

A similar situation is developing with the Internet. Democrats and Republicans are co-opting the Internet into an overall political strategy and are doing with the Web as they did with television in dominating the election campaign dialogue of the medium. Cyber-space has of yet to cause a mushrooming of alternative political parties and candidates in the United States.

Nor have the sources of mass news consumption been changed by the Internet age. The most trafficked Internet news sites are dominated by the same broadcast and print media giants that have ruled the airwaves and news-stands for the past generation. According to Jupiter Media Metrix [42] a website ratings group, the September 2001 -- which as you see are basically unchanged now in 2009--- ratings of Internet news sites showed the top 10 to be:

1] CNN.com

2] MSNBC.com

3] Time.com

4] ABCNews.com

5] New York Times.com

6] Washington Post.com

7] USA Today.com

8] Slate.com (which is a division MSNBC)

9] FoxNews.com

10] Los Angles Times.com

So as of today in 2009 -- and as in 2002 when this just above was first posted ---the Digital Internet Age has not produced any major change in the sources of news and views nor a diversification of electoral and political issue discourse in the Untied States, and as you  shall read throughout this blog , in my humble opinion,  the Internet does not at all seem poised to facilitate the forming of  any major new political parties  in the USA anytime in the near future. 

So as to our question as to whether the Digital Age is good or bad for American democracy; it as of now seems to be a big sum zero impact. 

 For while the Political Spheres that make up the  USA's body politic have incorperated the Internet & Digital Technologies into them,  they are still basically the same political ball they  were  ten or twenty or even thirty years ago.

 Now, though , if President Barak Obama can use the internet to harness the power of the people, to help forward his agenda, then we will see what will be the "Obama-TechonoPolitical Impact" on politics in the USA.

Because when the POTUS has a Blackberry --that won't leave his hands--- we are now in a whole new TechnoPolitical world.  

Wednesday, March 18, 2009

The Obama Experience

With the November 2008 election of President Barak Obama,
the world of TechnoPolitics has entered a new era.

The Obama election campaign team completely mastered the use of the Internet & Digital Communications in the 2008 primary & general elections , and Team Obama has forever changed how the sport of electoral politics is played. And also how the technological tools & grassroots of politics are used in issue lobbying.

has been well documented by the mass media for the past three years.

When I started this academic project of the study of the "Internet & Politics" back in 1999, the topic was very niche. I really had to dig for research information.( And I have preserved much of the obscure early-Political -Internet-history here on this blog site.)

Today in 2009 , some TechnoPolitical message spills in to my email's inbox hourly; even from President Obama himself, as well as other Democrats , many Republicans and from everyone else on down, whom I
give --or who gets-- my email address

And today in 2009
is a major website in its own right.

It will -- and has already --become a daily stop online for many
if not most cyber-broad-banded Americans.

I mean the POTUS posting his NCAA Basketball picks, amazing !

While there maybe you will read some policy papers. Then again , maybe you won't.

Monday, March 16, 2009

A Cyber-Activist may never use any other medium.

 Some would argue  the term is 
Electronic-Electioneering or    E-lobbying. 
I believe Cyber  to be 
more accurate than e / electronic in talking about Internet activity. 
Telephones and fax machines are also electronic.
 Cyber-Space is the Internet. 
A Cyber-Activist may never use any other medium.

Friday, March 13, 2009

E-government and E-governance. definition of terms

E-government and E-governance.
There is some disagreement as to the definition of terms E-government and E-governance.
** I have resolved the dispute over the definitions as follows:

Electronic-Government is how a government sets up any Internet infrastructure and then uses that infrastructure to provide services * and information to citizens, alien residents and even tourists.

Electronic-Governance is how a government uses the Internet in expressing political power over its citizens and other people within its borders.

Cyber-Law-Enforcement , anti-terrorist measures and the regulation of Internet access in public libraries, are the current E-Governance issues under debate in many if not all democracies. In most dictatorships, E-governance is how a government may censor or restrict the dissemination of political viewpoints, news and organizing information over the Internet and other communication technologies.
note: *
West, Darrell M.; Assessing E-Government: The Internet, Democracy, and Service Delivery by State and Federal Governments. September, 2000. Brown University Providence, RI 02912. Last accessed September 6, 2002 via www.insidepolitics.org @ http://www.insidepolitics.org/egovtreport00.html .